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خبر و رسانه

35    Ali Mohammad Heydarian (1896-1990)

List Of Lots

More Info

Art Title : Landscape

Signed “Ali Mohammad 1349” in Farsi (lower right)
oil on canvas
48×60 cm
Executed in 1970


500 - 700 Million IRR

Price realized

950,000,000 IRR

About Art Work

Many critics consider Heydarian as the founding father of modern landscape painting in Iranian contemporary art. As this work indicates, Heydarian has taken utmost care in applying paint and depicting landscape. The high contrast that highlights the bright midday sun in the greenish-brown landscape demonstrates Heydarian’s mastery of color and light qualities, an obvious indication of his perception of Impressionism. Far from the elaborate designs that were common among Kamal-ol-Molk and his followers, Heydarian exploited bright patches of color to create elements of painting in a mature way. Although Heydarian occasionally displayed mild impressionist tendencies in his work, he tended to adhere to the principles of classical painting as many of Kamal-ol-Molk’s students did.

Although he was a favored, highly inspired student of Kamal-ol-Molk, there were differences between his work and that of his teacher. So Heydarian gradually distanced himself from the style of his teacher and began using bright colors and a free brushstroke. Therefore, some consider Heydarian’s landscape painting even superior to his teacher’s. It is superior in terms of mixing colors and representing light as well as showing the climate of Iran. Indeed, features of nature in Heydarian’s paintings characterize Iran’s climatic conditions.

Ali Mohammad Heydarian was a prominent student of Kamal-ol-Molk. Many scholars consider him Kamal-ol-Molk’s most distinctive student who was skillful in applying paint and in landscape painting. He was admitted to the School of Fine Arts and worked there as a teacher of oil painting until the school was shut down. Being one of the founders and early instructors of the Faculty of Fine Arts in 1940, Ali Mohammad Heydarian along with Abolhassan Sedighi, Hassan Ali Vaziri, and Mohsen Moghaddam exerted a great influence on Iranian contemporary art as well as the education of a generation of painters who later established the modern movement in Iranian art. A large number of Iranian modernists, including Jalil Ziapour, Mehdi Vishkai, Mahmoud Javadipour, Javad Hamidi, Parviz Kalantari, Nasser Assar, Monir Farmanfarmaian, Morteza Momayez, Gholamhossein Nami, and Mohammad Ebrahim Jafari, were students of Ali Mohammad Heydarian and made great use of his teachings in their works. This work clearly indicates that while he exploited experiments of Western classical painters and pioneers of Impressionism, Heydarian also adhered to Persian style and perspective in his work